There are 3 fundamental conflicts that have changed our view of the world:
and Maxwell: speed of light
1. Isaacs Newton’s laws of motion stated that if you run fast enough you can catch
up with a beam of light. James Maxwell’s laws on electromagnetism states that this
is impossible. Light is a form of electromagnetic wave. Solution: Einstein solved
this by special relativity: nothing can go faster than light and space and time are
dependent on where you are and how fast you go..
See summary of special relativity (upcoming).
Newton and Einstein: how fast travels gravity 2. But that gave rise to a next conflict.
Newton’s law of gravity worked directly over big distances, whereas Einstein had
just proved that also gravity should not be able to travel faster than light. Solution:
general theory of relativity wherein space and time distort (warp and curve) as due
to the presence of matter and energy. Gravity is just the warping of space and time.
See summary of general relativity (upcoming).
Einstein and Bohr/Heisenberg: Big versus small
3. Finally, general relativity and this new view on gravity by Einstein could not
be combined with quantum mechanics (light proved to be a wave and a particle and
its particle (photons) was behaving very strange in some experiments, this strange
behaviour of very small particles include that you donot know where they are and
where they go and gave rise to a new theory: quantum mechanics). Solution string
theory where particles are the final product of the way how tiny little strings vibrate.
See: summary of quantum mechanics (upcoming). See: summary of string theory (upcoming).